All information on this page is referenced from CDC, EPA, and other government websites.
|Hep B|| No
(Yes if sexually active or using needles)
| Blood, semen or needles
HBV is a large virus and does not cross the placenta, hence it cannot infect the fetus unless there have been breaks in the maternal-fetal barrier, e.g. via amniocentesis.
|80% to 100% effective in preventing infection or clinical hepatitis in those who receive the complete vaccine series|
|DTaP||Yes||Coughing or sneezing||high within 1 year after 5th dose|
|Yes||Coughing or sneezing|
|No||Wounds caused by infected or contaminated nail/needle|
|Flu Shot||Yes||Cough, sneeze or talk|| 23% |
|HPV (Human Papillomavirus)|| No
(Yes if sexually active)
|HPV is sexually transmitted. HPV viral infections left untreated could turn into cancerous cells.|| 99% of females developed (HPV 16 & 18) antibody response 1 month after 3-dose series. |
No protection against the other 38 HPV infections.
Antibody response does not mean that body developed immunity